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[Degradable straws are costly and difficult to produce, and most small businesses are still watching]
Release date:[2020/7/15] Is reading[59]次

The WeChat public account "CCTV Finance" reported on July 12 that in January this year, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued the "Opinions on Further Strengthening the Treatment of Plastic Pollution", which stipulated that by the end of 2020, the nationwide catering industry shall ban the use of non-degradable Plastic straws.


Less than half a year before the ban’s post-dated deadline, is the catering industry ready? Does the ban on disposable plastic straws have a big impact on the operation of catering companies?


Plastic straws will be banned at the end of the year


On June 30, McDonald's China announced that from now on, nearly 1,000 restaurants in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen will be the first to stop using plastic straws, while fine-tuning the design of cup lids.


In a McDonald's restaurant, the reporter found that there is a drinking spout on the lid of the cup, as long as the small lid is opened, you can drink directly, replacing the use of plastic straws in the past.


McDonald's China said that the relevant plastic reduction measures will cover mainland China by 2020. It is understood that there are currently more than 3,500 McDonald's restaurants in mainland China, and the average annual consumption of plastic straws is about 400 tons.


Zhang Fan, Vice President of McDonald's (China): At present, about 80% of all McDonald's China packaging has been made of paper, and only 20% of plastic is used.


Starbucks, the world's largest coffee chain, announced in 2018 that it would stop using plastic straws globally this year. Previously, Starbucks used plastic straws in China for an average of about 200 tons per year.


Zhu Lei, Vice President of Starbucks China: At the end of last year, more than 4,000 stores in China had all banned plastic straws.


The reporter found that on the takeaway platform, many restaurants have added the options of "not using plastic straws" and "replace plastic straws with paper straws" to encourage consumers to reduce the use of plastic straws.


Huo Wei, Senior Director of Public Relations at Xicha Media: All takeaways in Beijing have been delivered by default. In the future, they will also be implemented in other cities across the country. As of June this year, we have reduced the use of plastic straws by more than 11 million nationwide.


Data show that the cumulative output of plastic products nationwide in 2019 is 81.84 million tons, of which nearly 30,000 tons are plastic straws, about 46 billion, and the per capita usage exceeds 30. Industry experts say that the use of plastic straws is only a few minutes, but the degradation The time may be as long as 500 years.


Professor Liu Jianguo of the School of Environment, Tsinghua University: Plastic straws are very difficult to recycle. We start with plastic straws and implement the ban. It is relatively easy to start, and a very clear signal to consumers and residents is that we want to reduce the plastic The dependence of products helps to promote the formation of green life and green consumption.


Paper straws replace plastic straws, cost and experience are the problems to be solved


From September 1 this year, China will implement the “Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Wastes”. If it fails to comply with national regulations prohibiting or restricting the use of non-degradable plastic bags and other disposable plastic products, it will be punished by 10,000 to 100,000 Yuan fine. Driven by mandatory policy regulations and leading companies, more and more companies are joining the plastic-restricting action, so how do consumers feel?


During the interview, most consumers expressed their understanding and support for the ban on plastic straws, but some consumers still expressed some inconvenience after discontinuation. Considering consumption habits, especially for milk tea shops and beverage shops that rely heavily on the use of straws, it has become an urgent task to find products that can replace plastic straws and guide consumers to use them.


The reporter found that some stores have printed on the outer packaging of plastic straws with the sign "Reduce the use of straws to be more environmentally friendly", and put paper straws and plastic straws on the service desk at the same time to guide consumers to use.


However, for customers, there are still differences in the experience of using plastic straws and paper straws. The person in charge of a store told reporters that only 1/3 of customers currently choose to use environmentally friendly paper straws.


For enterprises, how to control costs while improving customer experience has become an urgent problem to be solved. It is understood that the average cost of a plastic straw is about 0.03 yuan, and the paper straw is about 0.1 yuan, a difference of more than 3 times. Paper straws are not only more expensive, but also the user experience needs to be optimized.


However, some industry insiders and experts also said that with the breakthrough and innovation of new materials and new technologies, the environmental protection of plastic straws is not difficult.


Professor Liu Jianguo of the School of Environmental Sciences of Tsinghua University: You can use biodegradable plastics instead of paper or bamboo, including wheat, some plant straws, and glass, metal and other recyclable products to replace it , According to various consumer scenarios, to choose alternative products.


Degradable straws are costly and difficult to produce, and most small businesses are still watching.


Source: China Plastic Online


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