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[Recycled plastics: "plastic ban" is popular all over the world]
Release date:[2020/5/18] Is reading[23]次

After undergoing major changes in China's policies, the waste plastics industry can be said to have shaken the global waste plastics industry. A large number of Chinese-funded enterprises and international recyclers quickly opened up markets such as Southeast Asia, Japan, and South Korea. Afterwards, the new market environment carrying capacity was urgent and banned again. After extensive development, countries can finally examine the problem rationally. At present, all sectors of society have re-recognized the industry and are courageous to assume social responsibility. Next, I will take you into the global market, learn about the measures taken by various countries to ban plastics, and how to solve the industry's problems globally in a rational way.

Pay attention to the "ban plastic" and "ban waste" in foreign countries

The butterfly effect produced by the huge changes in the domestic recycled plastics industry has directly promoted the rapid development of developed countries and Southeast Asia. Since 2017, among the mainstream markets such as Shandong, Tianjin, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Guangzhou, 20% -30% of renewable enterprises have invested in the Southeast Asian market. In the process of this rapid deployment, most Chinese-funded enterprises have myopia copied China's extensive model, processed waste plastics into granules in Southeast Asia, and then converted them into general trade for import into China. Behind the extensiveness is destined to repeat the tragedy, and Southeast Asia's capacity is far less than China, so the strengthening of Southeast Asia's regulatory system is basically expected.

In 2018, the policies of Southeast Asian countries continued to send signals of tightening, and the market is currently on the road to bans. Indonesia began to fully inspect waste paper and plastic imports in early April. At the end of May, Malaysia has suspended applications for plastic waste permits. Vietnam suspended imports of waste plastics in June. Thailand has banned the import of recycled plastics since August 1, and can only import raw material pellets.

China's measures on the use and recycling of plastics

Global solutions for plastic recycling

In the context of Europe's accelerated transition to a circular economy, the European Commission established a plastic closed-loop alliance at the end of 2018. It is intended that member countries cover the entire plastic value industry chain, from waste plastic collectors, recycling enterprises, primary producers, traders, brands Business-to-retailers are involved in the packaging industry, construction industry, and automotive industry, forming a closed-loop industrial chain. The alliance requires at least 10 million tons of recycled plastic in new products on the EU market by 2025. The European plastics strategy announced at the beginning of this year also clarified that in 2030, all plastic packaging on the EU market will be reusable or recyclable, reducing the consumption of disposable plastics and restricting more plastic particles.

Japan will also introduce a "Japanese version" of a plastic strategy aimed at reducing pollution of marine plastic waste. At present, more than 65% of the waste plastics in Japan's recycled materials are processed by heat recovery, 27% are recycled by mechanical processing, and 5% are processed by chemical recycling. With the increasing supply of waste, incineration and overcapacity treatment has severely affected climate warming. Therefore, Japan hopes to follow the European Union and increase the proportion of recycling.

As a major country in the generation and utilization of waste plastics, China is bound to make a virtuous cycle of recycling and utilization. The first thing to consider is to expand the producer responsibility system. This system can make products easier to recycle from the source, and will also promote the environmental protection and ecologicalization of product design. Second, establish a closed-loop alliance for large plastic products companies. Large-scale plastic products enterprises have a gray leading role, considering adding specific indicators of recycled plastics from the design side. At present, there are certain preferential tax reduction and exemption policies for recycled plastics users. In the future, policies can be deeply inclusive to relevant enterprises to support the recycling and recycling of plastic products. Third, support leading enterprises and enhance the competitiveness of the renewable resources industry. The recycling industry has long been dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises. The disorderly competition in the industry is severe, and it lacks diversified and high-value utilization. Among them, "Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Renewable Resources Industry" pointed out that during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" to vigorously promote the construction of waste plastic recycling system, we must cultivate a batch of leading enterprises with a production scale of not less than 200,000 tons per year . Fourth, mergers and acquisitions and restructuring to extend the industrial chain. The renewable resources industry has always been constrained by the inconsistency between upstream recycling business and downstream deep processing business. In a more fierce market competition, all links of the industrial chain are subject to cost operation pressure. Upstream and downstream mergers and acquisitions and restructuring, extending the industrial chain become the general trend. Fifth, improve the recycling system. The incomplete domestic recycling system directly affects the supply chain of the recycling industry, and it is necessary to continue to do homework on the connection between domestic waste classification and recycling and renewable resource recovery, and improve the upstream waste classification, midstream transportation, and downstream processing systems.

Against the background of decreasing natural resources and global pollution of the marine environment, plastics have been increasingly recognized by the public as recyclable resources. At present, many countries and brands in the world are actively investing in the recycling and use of recycled plastics, which perfectly explains the concept of environmental protection at the same time of economic benefits.

Source: China Plastic Online

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